THE INITIATIVES OF NATIONAL INTERNET EXCHANGE OF INDIA

Recent Context
Recently, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has inaugurated three new initiatives/services namely, IP Guru, NIXI Academy, NIXI-IP-INDEX of National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI).
These initiatives have been launched to facilitate adoption of IPv6 and create an environment to ensure smooth transition from IPv4 to IPv6.

About the three initiatives: IPv6 Expert Panel (IP Guru)
• IP Guru is a group to extend support to all the Indian entities who are finding it technically challenging to migrate and adopt IPv6.
• In addition to this the IPv6 expert group will help in identifying & hiring agency that will help end customer by providing necessary technical support to adopt IPv6.
• This panel will guide all such Indian entities and help in increasing the IPv6 adoption.
• It’s a joint effort of DOT, MeitY & community to promote IPv6.
• The expert panel group comprises members from government and private organizations.

NIXI Academy
• NIXI Academy is created to educate technical/non-technical people in India to learn and relearn technologies like

IPv6 which are normally not taught in Educational Institutes.
• The easy-to-use platform helps network operators and educators understand networking best practices, principles and techniques; manage Internet resources better; and use appropriate Internet technologies more effectively.
• NIXI academy comprises an IPv6 training portal which is developed with the help of various technical experts in order to provide mass training to the community.
• Through this academy our Internet community will be able to learn from various technical modules.
• Successful candidates (after passing examination) can take a certificate from NIXI, which will be useful to find/upgrade jobs in the Industry.

NIXI-IP-INDEX
• NIXI has developed an IPv6 index portal for the Internet community.
• NIXI-IP-INDEX portal will showcase the IPv6 adoption rate in India and across the world.
• It can be used to compare IPv6 Indian adoption rate with other economies in the world.
• NIXI will populate this portal with web adoption in IPv6, IPv6 traffic etc. in coming days.
• This portal will motivate organizations to adopt IPv6, provide inputs for planning by technical organizations and research by academicians.

Transition from IPv4 to IPv6

Internet Protocol (IP)

The Internet Protocol is the protocol/method by which data is sent from one computer on the internet. Currently there are two versions of IP- IP version 4 & IP version 6.
IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4 or IPv4 was the first major version of IP. It was deployed for production in the ARPANET in 1983. It is the most widely used IP version. It is used to identify devices on a network using an addressing system. Till date, it is considered the primary Internet Protocol and carries 94% of Internet traffic. It provides an addressing capability of approximately 4.3 billion addresses.

IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) also called IPng (Internet Protocol next generation) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol. The Internet Engineer Task Force initiated it in early 1994. This new IP address version is being deployed to fulfill the need for more Internet addresses. It has the capability to provide an infinite number of addresses. With 128-bit address space, it allows 340 undecillion unique address space. It can easily accommodate the growing number of networks worldwide and help solve the IP address exhaustion problem.

Benefits of transitioning to IPv6 The current Internet Protocol (v4) lacks effective privacy and effective authentication mechanisms. The most well-known benefit that IPv6 offers is the exponential address space, practically inexhaustible in the foreseeable future. It therefore allows simple, seamless, and cost-effective connectivity for service providers, enterprises and end-users. It is considered especially important with the impending move to 5G, which will massively increase the total number of devices connecting to the Internet. IPv6 has a privacy protocol to protect end-user privacy.

Its importance from India’s perspective:
• Creating such critical infrastructure is important at the national level.
• It will contribute to in-country expertise building on critical information infrastructure as well as promoting ‘a major technological knowledge base within the country’.
• Having a root server within the country would facilitate surveillance by Indian legal authorities.
• As a critical internet resource, the IPv6 root server system is pivotal to manage the security and stability of the internet.
• The evolution of internet infrastructure is also essential to the global cyberspace and digital economy, and IPv6 root server, which controls and manages the internet, can serve as a great tool.

About NIXI National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is a non-profit company (section 8 of the Companies Act 2013) working since 2003 with an objective of facilitating improved internet services in India through the following activities:
 Internet Exchanges through which the internet data is exchanged amongst ISP’s, Data Centers and CDNs.
 .IN Registry, managing and operation of .IN country code domain and .भारत IDN domain for India.
 IRINN, managing and operating Internet protocol (IPv4/IPv6).